Frequently Asked Questions
Hemp and CBD
What is Hemp?
Hemp is another name for Cannabis Sativa plants that contain less than 0.3% THC. The primary purpose of hemp is for its CBD content and fibers, but it is also useful for food, plastic, paper, clothing, and biofuel.
Cannabis Sativa is one of the oldest plants cultivated by humans. In fact, we grew so closely with this plant that our bodies developed a special biological system for cannabinoids like CBD. This system is called the Endocannabinoid System.
What does the Endocannabinoid system do?
Dr. Dustin Sulak has undergraduate degrees in nutrition science and biology from Indiana University and a doctorate of osteopathy from the Arizona College of Osteopathic Medicine. In an article posted by NORML, he said the following.
"The endogenous cannabinoid system, named after the plant that led to its discovery, is perhaps the most important physiologic system involved in establishing and maintaining human health. Endocannabinoids and their receptors are found throughout the body: in the brain, organs, connective tissues, glands, and immune cells. In each tissue, the cannabinoid system performs different tasks, but the goal is always the same: homeostasis, the maintenance of a stable internal environment despite fluctuations in the external environment.
In addition to regulating our internal and cellular homeostasis, cannabinoids influence a person's relationship with the external environment. Socially, the administration of cannabinoids clearly alters human behavior, often promoting sharing, humor, and creativity. By mediating neurogenesis, neuronal plasticity, and learning, cannabinoids may directly influence a person's open-mindedness and ability to move beyond limiting patterns of thought and behavior from past situations. Reformatting these old patterns is an essential part of health in our quickly changing environment."
What is CBD?
In a Harvard Health Blog Post, Peter Grinspoon, MD said "CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is the second most prevalent of the active ingredients of cannabis (marijuana). While CBD is an essential component of medical [cannabis], it is derived directly from the hemp plant, which is a cousin of the [cannabis] plant. While CBD is a component of [cannabis] (one of hundreds), by itself it does not cause a 'high.' According to a report from the World Health Organization, 'In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential…. To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.'"
What does CBD do?
Harvard Health Blog Post, Peter Grinspoon, MD said "CBD is commonly used to address anxiety, and for patients who suffer through the misery of insomnia, studies suggest that CBD may help with both falling asleep and staying asleep.
CBD may offer an option for treating different types of chronic pain. A study from the European Journal of Pain showed, using an animal model, CBD applied on the skin could help lower pain and inflammation due to arthritis. Another study demonstrated the mechanism by which CBD inhibits inflammatory and neuropathic pain, two of the most difficult types of chronic pain to treat. More study in humans is needed in this area to substantiate the claims of CBD proponents about pain control.
We need more research but CBD may be prove to be an option for managing anxiety, insomnia, and chronic pain. Without sufficient high-quality evidence in human studies we can’t pinpoint effective doses, and because CBD is currently is mostly available as an unregulated supplement, it’s difficult to know exactly what you are getting. If you decide to try CBD, talk with your doctor — if for no other reason than to make sure it won’t affect other medications you are taking."
What are terpenes?
Terpenes are an extremely common compound in the plant kingdom. Nearly all plants produce terpenes, some of the most notable are black pepper, mangoes, lavender, hops, and plenty more. The smell of hemp comes from terpenes.
Because plants typically spend their whole lives in the same spot, they needed a way to deter bugs from eating them. Terpenes are a plant's defence mechanism to either attract pollinators or deter pests by luring their predators.
Why do terpenes matter?
CBD, other Cannabinoids, and terpenes are suspected of enhancing each other. Ethan B. Russo with the British Journal of Pharmacology said that terpenes display unique therapeutic effects that may contribute meaningfully to the entourage effect of cannabis-based medicinal effects. The importance of terpenes with cannabinoids is a recent development in the cannabis industry and we look forward to watching the exploration of this new horizon.
How are your terpene blends created?
We use precise tools for measurement to ensure our products are consistent when mixing our terpene blends. Our adjustable pipette is capable of measuring in intervals of 0.005 mL
The terpenes we use are certified organic, natural, non-GMO, food-grade terpenes, steam distilled for purity.
The recipes we use for our blends are based on statistical data of different cannabis strains. We frequently tweak these ratios to improve the balance of terpenes.
Where do you source your CBD?
We use a 99% pure, CO2 extracted, hemp-derived CBD isolate for our tinctures with zero THC from Colorado. Our hemp flower is organically grown from Colorado with less than 0.3% THC.
Where do you manufacture your CBD products?
We manufacture our CBD Oils and lotions at Nana Clare's commercial kitchen in Valparaiso, IN. Their location is certified by Indiana's Health Department. Visit Nana Clare's Website.
Where do you get your lab tests performed?
The 3rd party cannabis testing facility we use is ProVerde Labs. They are located in Milford, Massachusetts. All of our products are lab tested and include a QR code to adhere to state regulations. Visit their website to see their accreditations. Visit ProVerde Labs' Website.
Where do you source your terpenes?
True Terpenes is the supplier of our terpene isolates. They are located in Portland, Oregon and their terpenes are made with all natural, non-gmo, organic, food grade terpenes. Steam-extracted from the highest quality plant material.
Why does the price of CBD oil vary from $150 per gram to $60 per gram?
It all comes down to who you are buying it from. The costs vary tremendously.
Are you purchasing from a farm?
Are you purchasing from a manufacturer?
Are you purchasing from a reseller?
Are you purchasing from a retail store?
As you move further down the line, the cost is multiplied. We are a manufacturer that purchases from farms & create our own line of CBD infused products. We help people cut out most of the middlemen when we negotiate for lower prices on bulk purchases with wholesalers.
Additionally, we operate in a scaleable manner so that we can cut our in-house labor costs and share those savings with our customers. Our main intent with lower prices is to increase the availability of high quality CBD. We are willing to sacrifice transactional profit in exchange for returning customers. Surviving in the long-term as a business, this is the best strategy available.
How long have you been operating?
We've been making small batches CBD oil and lotion since June of 2016. Since then, we've started prioritizing an emphasis on terpenes when we began experimentation in January 2018. Since then, terpenes have proven a crucial ingredient for our recipes.
How much CBD should I take?
Every person is going to have a different sweet spot where the CBD feels just right. It's difficult to give a concrete answer, but here are some rule of thumb tips.
We describe the misbelief that more CBD will always give better effects as 'The More Fallacy.' When taking CBD, there is a point called the maximum effective dose. Any additional CBD past this point are less effective than previous doses. Allowing a couple of hours to pass will help bring you below this point, opening up space for additional doses.
For this reason, we recommend taking small doses frequently throughout the day, in order to gradually increase the levels of CBD in your body. All of our bottles have an easy to read dosage chart so that you can keep track of how much you take. This will provide you with insight on how different dosages effect your body's chemistry.
An easy starting point would be to take a quarter dropper, half dropper, or full dropper. The choice is yours! Play around with a variety of doses and choose the one which best suits your needs. From our experience, mental effects are enhanced in lower doses (approx. 5mg to 25mg per day) while physical effects bloom with higher doses (approx. 25mg to 100mg per day).
What are the best practices for CBD Bath Bombs?
The best way to get the most out of your bath bombs is by using the hottest water that you can tolerate. The hot water will open your pores and allow the CBD to be quickly absorbed.
Additionally, moving your body while under the water will help circulate bloodflow. This can be achieved by rubbing the areas of your body that ache.
We suggest having a nearby towel. Feel free to play some music for a more relaxing environment. We do not recommend using your phone or any other electronics while enjoying a bath bomb.
Try to sit in the tub for at least 30 minutes to fully experience the effects of the bath bombs.
How do I take CBD Oil (Sublingual)?
Sublingual administration (under the tongue for 15 minutes) is our favorite method of taking CBD oil for a couple of reasons. The primary reason is that letting the CBD absorb through your mouth results in quicker effects because it bypasses your digestive system and enters your bloodstream within 30 minutes. It is recommended to swallow the oil once the 15 minutes under the tongue have passed.
Compared to the other methods, under the tongue has twice as potent effects with a 50% reduction in the duration. In low doses, we anticipate most people to prefer 3 to 5 doses per day of 2.5mg or 5mg each.
How do I take CBD Oil (Oral)?
The second is oral administration (with food or swallowed.) This method's duration is twice as long as sublingual with effects that are 50% less potent. To compensate, we typically suggest people doing oral administration to take twice as much CBD less frequently (25mg or 50mg,1-2 times per day)
How do I take CBD Oil (Now & Later)?
We developed the Now & Later technique to help people with difficulty relaxing before bed. This technique mixes sublingual and oral administration. To start out, take a larger than normal dose sublingually (under the tongue) for 5 minutes (instead of 15 minutes) then swallow the rest to be absorbed by your stomache. That's all there is to it.
The point of this is to get a little bit of effects immediately to help soothe the mind & body before bed along with delayed effects to help you stay relaxed while you sleep.